Old Norse Girl Names – Alphabetical List and Meanings

Bilder til Steinkjer Kommune foto: Leif Arne HolmeYear 867 AD: Gunnhild and her friends are enjoying the summer in Central Norway. (Illustrating photo: Steinkjer Municipality / Leif Arne Holme)

Old Norse Girl Names are both feminine and strong at the same time – just like the Viking Age women. Why not naming the newborn baby girl “Vigdis” (vig – battle, combat / dis – goddess), or what about “Ragnhild” (ragn – advice, decision / hildr – battle)?

Notice that almost all of the Norse names are composed of two words that together give a new meaning.

The alphabetical list is not complete – there are more names, but hopefully it provides insight and inspiration.

The names are English forms of Old Norse but still very close to the original.

You will find the meanings in parenthesis with the Norse word (s) in italics.

Alphabetical list of Old Norse boy names you will find here on ThorNews.

 

Old Norse Girl Names – Alphabetical List

A

Aadny  – Aafrid – Aagunn – Aalaug – Aasa (Ása, short form of names starting with ás, meaning “god”) – Aasbjorg (ás – god / bjorg – protection) – Aase (variation of Aasa) – Aasfrid (ás – god / frídr – beautiful) – Aasgerd (ás – god / garðr  – fence, protection) – Aashild (ás – god / hildr – combat) – Aaslaug (ás – god / laug – engaged to be married) – Aasne (ás – god / ­– new) – Aasrunn (ás – god / rún – secret) – Aasveig  (ás – god / – home, sacred place or from víg – battle) – Agnhild (agn  – respect, fear or tip of a sword / hildr – battle) – Alfhild (alfr – elf, shining / hildr – battle, combat) – Alfrid  – Annbjorg (see Arnbjorg) – Annfrid – Anngjerd – Annhild  – Annlaug – Annveig  – Arnbjorg (arn – eagle /bjorg – protection) – Arnfrid – Arnhild – Arnhill  – Arnlaug – Arnveig – Asbjorg – Asfrid – Asgjerd  – Aslaug – Asrunn – Asta (short form of names starting with ás – god)  – Astrid (ás – god / frídr – beautiful)  – Asveig – Aud (audr – wealth) – Audbjorg – Audfrid – Audgerd – Audgunn (audr – wealth / gunnr – war, battle) – Audhild – Audrun – Audveig

B

Bergfrid – Berghild – Bergljot (berg – rescue, protection / ljótr – light, shining) – Bergthora (berg – rescue, protection / Thórr – thunder, god) – Bergunn – Bjarnhild – Bjorg (bjorg – protection) – Bjorgfrid – Bjorghild – Bjorgunn – Bjorgveig – Bjornhild – Bodhild (bót – aid, hildr – battle, combat) – Bodil (see Bodhild) – Borghild (borg – castle, protection / hildr – battle, combat) – Borgny (borg – castle, protection / ny – new) – Borgunn (borg – castle / unna – love) – Bryngerd – Brynhild

C

(None)

D

Dagbjorg (dagr – day / bjorg – protection) – Dageid – Dagfrid (dagr – day / frídr – beautiful) – – Daghild (dagr – day / hildr – battle, combat) – Dagmoy (dagr – day / mey – young girl, virgin) – Dagny (dagr – day / ny – new) – Dagrun (dagr – day / rún – secret knowledge) – Dagveig (dagr – day / veig – strength, warring)

E

Eidbjorg – Eidfrid – Eidunn – Eirunn – Eivor (ey – happiness, gift / vor – alert, careful) – Eldbjorg – Eldfrid – Eldrid (eld – fire / frídr – beautiful) – Embla – Erika (feminine variation of Eirik: ei – allways, allone / ríkr – ruler) – Eydis – Eyrun – Eyvor (ey – happiness, or gift / vor – alert, or careful)

F

Finngerd – Finnlaug – Fredbjorg – Fredgunn – Fredhild – Fredlaug – Fredmoy – Freidun – Freydis ( from Freyja – Norse goddess associated with love, beauty, fertility and death, her brother was Freyr; master, the first one / dis – goddess) – Frida (short form of girl names beginning with frídr – beautiful) – Fridbjorg – Fridgunn – Fridhild

G

Geirhild (geirr – spear, spearhead / hildr – battle, combat) – Geirunn – Gerd (feminin variation of Gard: gardr – fortress, fencing) – Gjartrud (geirr – spear / trúdr – strength) – Gro (gróa – grow, sprout) – Gudbjorg – Gudfrid (gud – god / frídr – beautiful) – Gudlaug – Gudrun (gud – god / rún – secret)  – Gudveig – Gudvor – Gunn (gunnr – war, battle) – Gunbjorg (gunnr – war, battle /bjorg – protection) – Gunda (short form of names beginning with gunnr – war, battle) – Gunnbjorg (gunnr – war, battle / bjorg – protection ) – Gunnfrid – Gunnhild (gunnr – war, battle / hildr – battle, warfare) – Gunn (short form of names starting with gunnr – war, battle)  – Gunnlaug – Gunnveig – Gunnvor – Gyda (variation of the name Gudfrid: gud – god / frídr – beautiful)

H

Hallbjorg – Hallfrid – Hallgerd (hall – stone / gardr – fortress, fencing) – Hallgunn – Hallrid – Hallveig – Heidrun (Heiðrún – a  female goat in Norse mythology) – Helga (feminine form of Helge: heilagr – lucky, affluent, later holy) – Helgunn – Hella (heilagr – lucky, affluent, later holy) – Herbjorg – Herborg (her – army / bjorg – protection) – Herfrid – Hergunn – Hervor – Hild (variation of Hilda)  – Hilda (short form of names beginning with hildr – battle, combat) – Hilde (variation of Hilda) – Hildebjorg – Hildeborg – Hildegunn – Hill (variation of Hilda) – Hjartrud – Hjordis (hjor – sword /dis – goddess) – Holmfrid (holmr – islet, island / frídr – beautiful) – Hladgerd (hlað – lace-work, headdress / gardr – fortress, fencing)

I

Idunn (id – «again», one more time / unna – to love) – Inga (from the Old Norse god Ing, also known as Freyr, the brother of Freyja) – Ingebjorg (from the Old Norse god Ing, also known as Freyr / bjorg – protection) – Ingegerd (from the Old Norse god Ing, also known as Freyr / gardr – fortress, fencing) – Inger (variation of Ingegerd) – Inghild – Inglaug – Ingrid (from the Old Norse god Ing, also known as Freyr / frídr – beautiful) – Ingunn (from the Old Norse god Ing, also known as Freyr /gunnr – war, combat) – Ingvild (from the Old Norse god Ing, also known as Freyr / vildr – battle, combat, fighting)

J

Jarlaug – Jarlfrid – Jarnhild – Joreid – Jorgunn (jór – boar / gunnr – war, battle) – Jorhild – Jorfrid – Jorlaug – Jorunn (jór – boar / unna – love)

K

Kjellaug (from man’s name Kjetil: kjell – sacrifice-kettle / laug – engaged to /married with, or dedicated) – Kjellbjorg – Kjellfrid – Kjellrun – Kjellvor – Kjerlaug – Knuthild – Kollbjorg

L

Lagertha (variation of Hladgerd) – Lidveig – Lidvor – Liv (hlif – protection, but also means «life») – Liveig – Livunn (hlif – protection, but also means «life» / unna – love) – Lydveig – Lydvor

M

Magnhild (magn – power, strength / hildr – battle, combat) – Magnvor – Malfrid (mál – speech / vor – alert, careful) ­– Malmfrid – Mildfrid – Mildrun – Modgunn – Modhild – Moyfrid (mey – young girl, virgin / fríðr – beautiful)

N

Norbjorg – Norfrid – Norgunn (norðr – north / gunnr – war, battle) – Norhild – Norlaug – Norveig

O

Oda – Oddbjorg – Oddfrid – Oddgunn – Oddlaug – Oddrun (oddr – spear, spearhead/ rún – secret) – Oddrunn (see Oddrun) – Oddveig (oddr – spear, spearhead / veig – strength, warring) – Odfrid – Odlaug – Odveig – Olbjorg – Oleiv – Olrun – Olveig – Oslaug – Oyfrid – Oygunn – Oylaug – Oyonn – Oyvor (ey – happiness, gift / vor – alert, careful)

P

(None)

Q

(None)

R

Ragna (short form of Old Norse names starting with ragn – advice, decision) – Ragnfrid – Ragnhild (ragn – advice, decision / hildr – battle) – Rambjorg – Ramfrid – Randi – Ranfrid – Rannveig (rann – house / veig – strength, warring ) – Ranveig (see Rannveig) – Reidhild – Reidun (hreiðr – nest / unna –  love, or unnr – wave) – Reinhild – Runa (rún – secret) – Runhild (rún – secret / hildr – battle, combat)

S

Sabjorg – Salmoy – Sebjorg – Sif (siv – bride, or from sif – friendship) – Sigbjorg – Sigfrid (see Sigrid) – Signe (see Signy)  – Signhild – Signy (sigr – victory / ny – new) –  Sigrid (sigr – victory / frídr – beautiful) – Sigrunn (sigr – victory / rún – secret) – Sigurda – Sigvalda – Sigvarda – Sigveig – Sigvor –  Siv (siv – bride, or from sif – friendship) – Skjaldvor – Snefrid (snjó – snow / frid – beautiful) – Solaug – Solbjorg (salr – house / bjorg – protection) – Solfrid – Solgerd – Solgunn (salr – house /gunnr – war /battle) – Solhild – Sollaug – Solmoy – Solrunn – Solunn – Solveig (salr – house /veig – strength, warring) – Solvor – Steinunn – Steinvor – Svanbjorg (svanr – swan  / bjorg – protection) – Svanfrid – Svanhild (svanr – swan / hildr – battle, combat) – Svanlaug

T

Thora (short form of girl names beginning with Thor, from Thórr – god, thunder) – Thorbjorg – Thorborg – Thordis – Thordny – Thordun – Thorfrid (Thórr – thunder, god / frídr – beautiful) – Torgerd – Thorgunn (Thórr – thunder, god / gunnr – battle, combat) – Thorhild (Thórr – thunder, god / hildr – battle, combat) – Torgerd – Thorunn (Thórr – thunder, god /unna – love) – Thorvalda – Thurid (see Thorfrid) – Tjodhild – Tjodunn – Tjodvor – Tova (see Thorfrid) – Tove (from Tófa, a short form of names starting with torv/thorv/torf/thorf, i.e. Thorfrid) Trude (short form of Old Norse girl names ending with trúdr – strength) – Trudi (see Trude) – Tryghild – Turid (see Thorfrid), Tuva (see Thorfrid)

U

Udbjorg – Ulvhild – Unn (unna – love) – Unnfrid – Unnhild – Unni (unna – love /ny – new) – Unnlaug – Unnveig – Urda (from Urðr, one of a group of three Norns in Norse mythology)

V

Valbjorg – Valfrid – Valgerd (valr – killed / garðr – fencing) – Varunn – Vebjorg – Velaug – Venhild – Vidrun – Vigdis (vig – battle, combat / dis – goddess) – Vighild – Vilbjorg – Vilborg – Vilfrid – Vilgerd – Vilgunn

W

(None)

X

(None)

Y

Ymbjorg – Yngvild (same as Ingvild: from the Old Norse god Ing, also known as Freyr / vildr – battle, combat, fighting)

Z

(None)

 

 

Text by: Thor Lanesskog, ThorNews

 

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Categories: Culture, Language, Vikings

16 replies

  1. My mothers name was Sigrid “victory-beautiful” Nice to know she was Swedish still counts right 🙂

  2. You left out the last three letters of the alphabet. Æ,Ø and Å. There are many nice names that begins with those letters. Åshild, Årolilja, Ægir, Ørn, and so on…

    • Dear Gunnar, fighting worrier (Old Norse: gunnr – fight / arr – worrier)!

      As I have written in this article, “The names are English forms of Old Norse but still very close to the original.”

      In the English alphabet, as you sure know, Æ, Ø, Å does not exist. So, “Æ” is replaced with “A” (could have been replaced with Ae – but I chose “A”), “Ø” with “O” (could have been replaced with “Oe” – but I chose “O”) and “Å” is replaced with “Aa”. If you look at the Old Norse spelling, the closest I got.

      Regarding your name suggestions:

      Åshild: see “Aashild” (ás – god / hildr – combat) in this article.

      Årolilja: I do not think the name is Old Norse, but a medieval (Swedish?) name.

      Ægir: meaning “sea” in Old Norse, the sea jötunn – maybe I should have included him although the Norse men and women did not name their newborns directly after gods /goddesses or “supernatural” beings from Old Norse mythology.. (btw, my name is Thor..).

      Ørn (“Ørn is modern Norwegian for “Eagle): In Old Norse, “eagle” is “arn” – so if you look in the “Old Norse Boy Names” article her on ThorNews, you will find many names starting with “Arn”.

      I will update the list, and translate more meanings. Promise.

      Thor

  3. Where is MY NORWEGIAN NAME in this list??? My grandmother came from Norway in 1879 as a pregnant single girl. Everyone sent her to United States, to Westby Wisconsin to have her baby and give it up for adoption to a family Rochester Minnesota to a pharmacist who worked for the Mayo Clinic. Later, My grandmother married Martinez Peterson, her name was Alvilda. They lived on a farm Clinton Ridge in Cashton Wisconsin. They had 5 children, my father born last when she was 47 years old. What I was born, my parents took the AL off her name and named me Vilda.
    I have been told this name is a German derivative, but it is definitely a Norwegian name! I can’t find my name on this list of girls names! I am disappointed.

    • Dear Vilda, or should I say Alfhildr!

      Your name is definitely in the list:

      Vilda (in Swedish) Vilde (in Norwegian) are short forms of Alvilde that origins from the Old Norse name Alfhildr – (in this listing, Alfhild: alfr – elf, shining / hildr – battle, combat) –

      So do not be disappointed – be happy! You are a “shining combat elf”. What the name really means?

      Use your imagination, or ask a Norseman..

      Thor

  4. Happy to find my nane on the list. I am proud to have such a strong name of Viking heritage.

    Thor – do we know eachother? There will be a 25 Year reunion in Kristiansand in June.

  5. My mom’s name, Trudi, is on the list, but she spells it Trudy.

  6. My mother’s name was Synnove. I don’t see it listed.

    • Dear Sandra!

      Your mother’s name was Synnove, or Synnøve in Norwegian. The name is a variation of Sunniva, a Scandinavian variation of the Old English girl name Sunngifu, where “sunn” comes from the word “sunni” meaning “sun”, and “gifu” comes from the word “giefu” meaning “gift”

      “The Sun’s Gift”  – from Old English, not Old Norse, but still beautiful.

      Thor

      • Could’n find my daughther’s name; Lilja.. 😦 Anyone who knows, would make a young girl, and a loving father very happy and thankful for sharing the knowledge I still lack..?

  7. Hi,

    Lilja is a Nordic woman’s name meaning “lily” (Norwegian: “lilje”) – a beautiful name.

    The name is popular in Finland (c. 8500 persons), and Iceland (c.1500 persons).

    In Norway, about 300 girls are named “Lilja”.

    Thor

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