Norway’s First Paparazzi – Carl M. Størmer (1874-1957)

Norway's first paparazzi IbsenEarly 1890’s: Famous playwright Henrik Ibsen photographed by Carl M. Størmer

“I was a young 19 year-old student at the time and had gotten hold of a funny detective camera.” This is how Carl M. Størmer describes his new and amusing hobby in the St. Hallvard Journal from 1942.

In his portfolio we find photographs of the most famous Norwegian, playwright Henrik Ibsen as he strutted down Karl Johan’s street in Oslo – most likely unaware of the shooting. At that time, Størmer was a mathematician and Aurora Borealis specialist.


Norway's first paparazzi self portrait

“Selfie”: Young student and secret photographer Carl M. Størmer.

Long before the professional paparazzi began to make life miserable for celebrities, Størmer was a pioneer in the rather dubious hobby of secret photography.

In the 1890’s, he walked around in Oslo – often along main street Karl Johan – with a hidden camera and took pictures of famous men and women.

Størmer called Henrik Ibsen “an excellent object”,  Ivar Aasen was “old and frail” and a number of professors and other prominent persons were “favored objects” caught on film, in addition to a lot of artsy high society women.

– It was probably pretty outrageous. At that time, the shooting took place in greenhouse-like studios and the cameras had a long shutter speed. This type of snapshot was something new, says research librarian Harald Østgaard Lund at the National Library.

In 2008, he published a book called “80 millioner bilder” (80 Million Photos) together with Jonas Ekeberg, including Størmer’s photographs.

Hidden Under His Vest

Størmer’s detective camera was very unique. This was long before the photo film era, making instant photography quite difficult. Nevertheless, it opened for a creative whim. The round glass plate inside the camera could take up to six images at a time. In the St. Hallvard journal, Størmer describes his method:

It was a round flat canister hidden under the vest with the lens sticking out through a buttonhole. Under my clothes I had a string down through a hole in my trouser pocket, and when I pulled the string the camera took a photo.

He continues:

I strolled down Carl Johan, found me a victim, greeted, got a gentle smile and pulled. Six images at a time and then I went home to switch plate.” Størmer lived nearby Karl Johan and took a total of 500 images.

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Norway's first paparazzi spy camStørmer used a camera similar to this spy cam.

Caught In the Act

But why did he photograph all these people? In filmmaker Evald Otterstad’s documentary “Carl Størmer and his Detective Camera” from 2009, he proposes:

It was a mixture of self-satisfaction of getting older and established people to greet a young student, in addition to doing something “foolish”. According to the film, Størmer was only caught red-handed once. It was renowned Professor Kristian Birkeland who caught him, and in a series of three images we can sense Birkeland’s fury.

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Norway's first paparazzi Birkeland


Harald Østgaard Lund at the National Library believes that the “buttonhole photographs” provide a unique insight into the social life in Christiania (Oslo) at the end of the 1800’s. The images are a contrast to the assembled photographs of people with strict facial expressions that are common from this era.

“I caught Ivar Aasen once. He was old and frail, as he leaned against the tree. I distinctly remember that he also had a drop under his nose”, Stormer said to the St. Hallvard Journal.



Text by: Anette Broteng Christiansen, ThorNews

Photos: Carl M. Størmer / Norsk Folkemuseum

Categories: Culture, History, Quirky

3 replies

  1. Reblogged this on PHSNE Blog and commented:
    This just came across my desk from Ernie Beers, who is writing an article about a more local photographer, Hattie Goodnow, for the upcoming PHSNE Journal.


  1. He was 19. He lived in Oslo. And he used a spy cam to take street photos. In 1890 - DIY Photography
  2. Há 100 anos, jovem usava câmera espiã para fazer fotografias de rua | iPhoto Channel

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